Gas turbine simulation: spray, combustion, emissions, Shaft and Gear Systems, acoustic enclosures

FEA & CFD Based Simulation Design Analysis Virtual prototyping MultiObjective Optimization

Gas turbine combustion is a complex process, and it can be a challenge to achieve accurate and reliable Finite Element and CFD simulation results at a reasonable computational cost. Computational efficiency requires appropriate mesh resolution and turbulence, spray, combustion, and emissions models in CFD tools such as AVL Fire, Siemens Star-ccm+, Ansys Fluent and Converge that provide an appropriate level of detail. It needs adavnced combination of Finite Element and Acoustic Solvers to capture real-world vibration and structural performance with FEA tools such as Abaqus, Ansys and LS-Dyna and Acoustic solver such as MSC Actran and ESI VA-ONE.

ComponentQuestionFEA and CFD Simulation
Inlet Systems
  • Fogging and cooling
    • Delivering a uniform temperature to the compressor
    • Ensure complete evaporation of spray
  • Avoiding compressor fatigue caused by non-uniform air flow distribution
  • Icing of air filters
  • Design with virtual prototypes
    • Calculating motion, evaporation, mixing and thermal impact of spray
    • Simulate non-uniformities of inlet coolers or heaters
Shaft and Gear Systems
  • Ensuring rotational stability
  • Avoiding interferences caused by rotation-induced strains
  • Predict critical speeds, whirl, stability, base excitation and transient responses
  • Seamless integration between analysis and optimization tools
    • Including Design for Six-Sigma
  • Off-design performance
    • Avoiding surge over a range of power settings
    • Flow separation
  • Flow-induced vibration
  • Understand rotational and flow-induced vibration modes before building physical prototypes
  • Simple extension of quasi-1D tools to full 3D physics for design refinement
    • Turbo design environment
    • Investigation of separation and tip gap characteristics
    • Installation effects

Enteknograte engineering team use advanced CAE software with special features for mixing the best of both FEA tools and CFD solvers: CFD codes such as Ansys FluentSiemens StarCCM+OpenFOAM and FEA Codes such as ANSYSABAQUSNastranLS-DynaMSC Marc

  • Maximizing thermal energy generation while minimizing NOx and CO emissions
  • Designing liner and other components for proper thermal load
  • Thermal stresses during “staging” or at partial loads
  • Make early design changes necessary to keep creep and thermal stresses within limits under all operational conditions
  • Optimize combustion and reduce emission levels with virtual prototyping
  • Cooling blades sufficiently without sacrificing performance
  • Flexibility in design for partial power loads
  • Flow separation
  • Rotation and flow-induced vibration
  • Gas flow in secondary flow passages
  • Design for non-ideal fluid and structural effects of separation, heat transfer, and blade cooling
  • Flexibility of connecting blade passage analysis with secondary flow passages and cooling effects in a user environment geared towards turbomachinery simulation
  • Design for rotational stability
Acoustic Enclosures
  • Designing ventilation systems to avoid combustible mixtures caused by gas leaks
  • Improve safety and reduce design costs
    • Test and improve ventilation designs under various leakage conditions before manufacturing
Turbine Nozzle Conjugate Heat Transfer CHTStress and Temperature distribution Fatigue Coupled CFD FEA CHT Ansys Fluent Abaqus Nastran Openfoam Siemens Star-ccm
Gas turbine simulation: spray, combustion, emissions, Shaft and Gear Systems, acoustic enclosures

Energy industry faces a number of stringent challenges that range from addressing environmental risks, investigating new sources of natural resources, and improving operational performance, while complying with tight technical and regulatory requirements. The past decade has seen increasing explorations for fossil fuels, while research into the alternative energy sources, like wind, solar, and biofuels is taking center stage as governments and companies look to meet the ever-increasing global energy demands.

Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industries

With combination of deep knowledge and experience in FEA and CFD and sophisticated simulation tools, Enteknograte engineers can solve any problem with any level of complexity in Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industries: Drilling, Cementing/Mudflow in Casings, Offshore Structures Wind and Wave Loading, Offshore Structures and Hydrodynamics, Gas Dispersion, Environmental Pollution Dispersion, Blast Prevention, LNG Plant Site Selection Operation and Design,


With deep Knowledge in FEA and CFD and combining or coupling different CAE tools for real world simulation such as MSC Cradle, Ansys Fluent, Siemens Star-ccm+, Abaqus and MSC Nastran, Enteknograte engineering team can handle any aerodynamic problem include wind turbine, Wind Farm design and wind effects including Vertical axis wind turbine, Horizontal axis wind turbine, Complete motion of the rotor in winds and loads extraction for FEM analysis, Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) investigation and flutter occurence.

Gas turbine simulation: spray, combustion, emissions, shaft and gear Systems, acoustic enclosures

Gas turbine combustion can be a challenge to achieve accurate and reliable CFD simulation results. Computational efficiency requires appropriate mesh resolution and turbulence, spray, combustion, and emissions models that provide an appropriate level of detail. With using advanced and specilized CFD tools such as AVL Fire, Siemens Star-ccm+, Ansys Fluent and Converge, Enteknograte engineers can accurately predict important kinetically limited gas turbine phenomena such as ignition, flashback, and lean blow off. In addition, we can investigate the combined effects of chemistry and turbulence and optimize combustor performance parameters.

Hydropower, Solar Power and Biomass

As move to a more sustainable energy future, Hydro Power, Solar Power, Biomass and other renewable sources will play a key role in reducing our energy footprint and ensuring supply is sufficient for a modernizing population. Enteknograte’s simulation and optimization consultants support this growing industry. Our core competencies include turbine vortex simulation and prediction, acoustic interpretation and assessment, solar farm siting, composite blade analysis and optimization, and transmission dynamics simulation and optimization.

CFD Simulation of Reacting Flows and Combustion

Knowledge of the underlying combustion chemistry and physics enables designers of gas turbines, boilers and internal combustion engines to increase energy efficiency and fuel flexibility, while reducing emissions. Combustion System couples multiphysics simulations incorporating accurate physical models with an advanced chemistry solver to provide a complete end-to-end combustion chemistry simulation capability to optimize products that involve reacting flow.

Fuel Injectors and Spray CFD Simulation

CFD software such as MSC Cradle, AVL Fire, Siemens Star-ccm+, Ansys Fluent and Converge is well equipped to simulate fuel injectors and spray processes including liquid atomization, drop breakup, collision and coalescence, turbulent dispersion, spray cavitation, drop-wall interaction, and drop evaporation.

Turbomachinery Generative Design & Optimization

The sensitivity information comes directly from the flow field so the optimized shape is the one that fits the given flow best. Unlike traditional design methods that rely on trial and error between a given geometry and flow field predicted by CFD codes, we use 3D inverse design method starts by identifying what we want to do to the fluid flow in terms of 3D pressure field and mathematically derives the optimal geometry to achieve that outcome. This significantly reduces the time taken for each design.

1D/3D Coupled Simulation and Co-Simulation: Detailed Chemistry & Multiphase Flow Modeling with 1D Modeling

Enteknograte engineering team use advantage of CFD solver’s detailed chemistry, multiphase flow modeling, and other powerful features in coupling and co-simulation of CFD (Siemens Star-ccm+, AVL Fire, Ansys Fluent, Converge), 1D systems softwares (Matlab simulink, GT-Suite, Ricardo Wave allowing 1D/3D-coupled analyses to be performed effortlessly) and FEA software (Abaqus, Ansys, Nastran) for engine cylinder coupling, exhaust aftertreatment coupling, and fluid-structure interaction coupling simulation.

Hydrodynamics CFD simulation, Coupled with FEA for FSI Analysis of Marine and offshore structures

Transient Resistance, Propulsion, Sea-Keeping and Maneuvering Simulation, Cavitation, Vibration and Fatigue
Hydrodynamics is a common application of CFD and a main core of Enteknograte expertise for ship, boat, yacht, marine and offshore structures simulation based design. Coupling Hydrodynamic CFD Simulation in Ansys Fluent, Siemens Star-ccm+ and MSC Cradle with structural finite element solver such as Abaqus and Ansys, enable us to Simulate most complicated industrial problem such as Cavitation, Vibration and Fatigue induced by hydrodynamics fluctuation, Transient Resistance, Propulsion, Sea-Keeping and Maneuvering Simulation, considering two way FSI (Fluid Structure Interaction) coupling technology.

Heat Transfer Simulations for Turbomachinery

Including FSI Effect with Coupled FEA & CFD
We can calculate a wide spectrum of heat-related calculations, including startup and shutdown cycles, thermal warp effects on static elements (casings and exhaust hoods), on shafts, heat transfer analysis, warp and displacement of ceilings. We can also help you calculate predictions of a machine’s behavior on transient operational modes with high-fidelity modeling, closer to the real behavior of products..

Electromagnetic Multiphysics

FEA & CFD Based Simulation Including Thermal Stress, Fatigue, and Noise, Vibration & Harshness – NVH for Electric Motors
Enteknograte Finite Element Electromagnetic Field simulation solution which uses the highly accurate finite element solvers and methods such as Ansys Maxwell, Simulia Opera, Simulia CST, JMAG, Cedrat FLUX, Siemens MAGNET and COMSOL to solve static, frequency-domain, and time-varying electromagnetic and electric fields includes a wide range of solution types for a complete design flow for your electromagnetic and electromechanical devices in different industries.

Simulation of Plasma Based Devices: Particle in Cell (PIC), MHD, CFD

We provide consulting services for the modeling and simulation of plasma and other flow systems. we combine expertise in physics, Numerical computing, big data processing, automation, and management. Our people are truly motivated experts, passionate about science. Our consulting services utilize our specialized domain expertise in plasma, reactive flows and surface chemistry mechanism development and integration with multi-dimensional flow and plasma systems.

Integrated Artificial Intelligence (AI) & Machine Learning - Deep Learning with CFD & FEA Simulation

Machine learning is a method of data analysis that automates analytical model building. It is a branch of Artificial Intelligence based on the idea that systems can learn from data, identify patterns and make decisions with minimal human intervention. With Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications in CAE, that is Mechanical Engineering and FEA and CFD Simulations as design tools, our CAE engineers evaluate the possible changes (and limits) coming from Machine learning, whether Deep Learning (DL), or Support vector machine (SVM) or even Genetic algorithms to specify definitive influence in some optimization problems and the solution of complex systems.

Turbine, Pump & Compressor (Axial or Centrifugal)

Multidisciplinary Turbomachinery Design, Analysis & Optimization
We can design axial turbines, Axial Pump, Centrifugal Compressor, Centrifugal Pump and Mixed Flow Compressor/Turbine with or without any pre-loaded profiles, with prismatic (cylindrical) or twisted blades, multiple extractions/injections, inter-stage heat exchangers, Curtis & Rateau stages, impulse & reaction designs, drilled and reamed nozzles, partial admission, etc. Enteknograte’s engineering team use CFD software’s such as Siemens Star-ccm+, Ansys Fluent and Numeca Fine/Turbo in co-simulation with FEA structural solvers, such as Abaqus, Ansys and MSC Nastran.

Fatigue Analysis of Welded Structures Using the Finite Element Method

Enteknograte use advanced Numerical simulation software and methods to simulate the welding behavior in real service load condition and estimate its Durability and Fatigue Life with Ansys Ncode, Simulia FE-Safe, MSC CAEFatigue and FEMFAT. The Seam Weld and Spot Weld fatigue simulation enables the fatigue analysis of joints including different type of welding such as fillet, overlap, spot welds in thin sheets and laser welded joints.

Vibration Fatigue Finite Element Simulation: Time & Frequency Domain

Structural vibration can be a source for many product related problems; it can cause fatigue and durability problems as well as adverse reactions to the user or bystanders in the form of undesirable vibrations that can be felt or heard. As well, undesired structural vibrations can prevent products from operating as required and potentially becoming a safety concern. The Vibration Fatigue simulation predict fatigue in the frequency domain and it is more realistic and efficient than time-domain analysis for many applications with random loading such as wind and wave loads.

Heat Exchangers: Simulation-Based Design for Thermal Performance Optimization

Heat exchanger analysis involves a combination of heat transfer in fluids and solids. The fluid carries energy over large distances, while the solids separate the fluids so that they can exchange energy without mixing. Heat exchangers are involved in a variety of application areas, such as water treatment, resource refinery, nuclear power, food and beverage production, refrigeration, and more.

Multi-Phase Flows CFD Analysis

Multi-Phases flows involve combinations of solids, liquids and gases which interact. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used to accurately predict the simultaneous interaction of more than one combination of phases that can be gases, solids or fluids. Typical applications involve sprays, solid particulate transport, boiling, cavitation, state-changes, free surface flows, dispersed multiphase flows, buoyancy problems and mixed species flows. For example, the risks from flow or process-induced vibration excitation of pipework are widely acknowledged in onshore process plants, offshore topsides and subsea facilities.

Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing

FEA Based Design and Optimization with Simufact, Abaqus, ANSYS and MSC Apex for powder bed fusion (PBF), directed energy deposition (DED) and binder jetting processes
With additive manufacturing, the design is not constrained by traditional manufacturing requirements and specific number of design parameters. Nonparametric optimization with new technologies such as Artificial Intelligence in coupled with Finite Element method, can be used to produce functional designs with the least amount of material. Additive manufacturing simulations are key in assessing a finished part’s quality. Here at Eneteknograte, dependent of the problem detail, we use advanced tools such as MSC Apex Generative Design, Simufact Additive, Digimat, Abaqus and Ansys.

Heat Transfer and Thermal Analysis: Fluid-Structure Interaction with Coupled CFD and Finite Element Based Simulation

We analyze system-level thermal management of vehicle component, including underhood, underbody and brake systems, and design for heat shields, electronics cooling, HVAC, hybrid systems and human thermal comfort. Our Finite Element (LS-Dyna, Ansys, Abaqus) and CFD simulation (Siemens Start-ccm+, Ansys Fluent , Ansys CFX and OpenFoam) for heat transfer analysis, thermal management, and virtual test process can save time and money in the design and development process, while also improving the thermal comfort and overall quality of the final product.


We pride ourselves on empowering each client to overcome the challenges of their most demanding projects.

Star-CCM gas turbine combustion simulation